Mastic AN-46 - History

Mastic AN-46 - History

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A small tree (Pistaria lenticus) of southern Europe.

(AN-46: dp. 1,275; 1. 194'6"; b. 37'; dr. 13'6"; s. 12 k.; cpl. 56; a. 13", 3 20mm.; cl. Ailanthus)

Mastic (AN-46), originally named Ginkgo (YN-65), was renamed Mastic 17 April 1943; laid down as YN--&5 by Everett Pacific Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Everett, Wash., 27 November 1943; reclassified AN-46 on 20 January 1944; launched 19 May 1944; sponsored by Mrs. F. A. Fenger; and commissioned at Everett 4 July 1944, Lt. David Weinig in command.

After shakedown along the west coast, Mastic steamed via Pearl Harbor to the western Pacific for duty with Commander Minecraft, Pacific Fleet. Beginning late in the year she carried out net laying and tending duties at American bases in the Marianas and the western Carolines, During the later months of fighting in the Pacific she operated primarily out of Ulithi, but in addition served at Guam, Saipan, and Peleliu. Following the Japanese capitulation 15 August, she continued servicing harbor defense installations until 26 October when she sailed from Saipan for the west coast. Steaming via Midway and Pearl Harbor, she reached San Francisco 25 November. Mastic decommissioned at Tiburon, Calif., 1 March 1946, and her name was struck from the Navy list 28 March. She was transferred to the Maritime Commission 6 June 19,47 for simultaneous delivery to her purchaser, William Semar.

Mastic AN-46 - History

The William Floyd Parkway (Suffolk CR 46), named after a signer of the Declaration of Independence from the Shirley-Mastic area, is a four-lane divided highway extending north from Smith Point Park on Fire Island to NY 25A in Shoreham. South of the Long Island Expressway (I-495) in Yaphank, CR 46 has many traffic lights, commensurate with rapid residential and commercial development. North of the Long Island Expressway, the William Floyd Parkway has most of the characteristics of a limited-access highway, with very few at-grade intersections and a cloverleaf interchange at NY 25 (Middle Country Road) in Ridge.

The southern section of the William Floyd Parkway was to be part of the limited-access network of parkways advocated by the Regional Plan Association (RPA) in 1936. Under the RPA plan, it was to be a spur of a proposed Southern State Parkway extension to Montauk. Two years later, Robert Moses, chairman of the Long Island State Park Commission, proposed a spur of the Ocean Parkway from Fire Island north to Montauk Highway in Shirley. Neither plan came to fruition.

Beginning in 1940, the Suffolk County Department of Public Works (SCDPW) began construction of "Suffolk Boulevard," the precursor to today's William Floyd Parkway, through Shirley. By 1967, the entire 15.7-mile-long route from Smith Point to Shoreham was opened to traffic.

After defeat of the Oyster Bay-Rye Bridge proposal in 1973, the Shoreham-New Haven Bridge and the limited-access William Floyd Parkway received broad support among Suffolk County residents. Officials in Connecticut, however, remained vehemently opposed to a route, as evidenced by public hearings in 1979. By the 1980's, interest in the proposed bridge had waned.

FROM BRIDGE TO FERRY: In the early 1990's, the William Floyd Parkway was once again chosen as the principal north-south route to New England, this time for a high-speed ferry along the route of the once-proposed bridge. According to plans presented to the Suffolk County Legislature, the southern ferry terminal was to be located on the site of the former Shoreham nuclear plant. A four-lane extension of the William Floyd Parkway north of NY 25A to the proposed terminal was included in the plan. Since it would accommodate not only passenger cars but also trucks and buses, the planned high-speed ferry was touted as providing benefits to tourism and commerce in central and eastern Long Island. However, the proposal died by the end of the 1990's.

FUTURE IMPROVEMENTS: To accommodate current and future traffic on the William Floyd Parkway, the NYSDOT has proposed that a third travel lane in each direction be constructed from Middle Country Road (NY 25) in Ridge south to the Sunrise Highway (NY 27) in Shirley. However, the Suffolk County Department of Public Works (SCDPW) would construct this "LITP 2000" project.

Carol Bissonette, co-chair of the Moriches Bay Historic Committee, has proposed to state and county officials that overpasses be built for Montauk Highway (NY 27A-Suffolk CR 80) and the nearby LIRR tracks over the William Floyd Parkway in Shirley. She also proposed that additional left turn lanes be built at intersections south of Montauk Highway.

The William Floyd Parkway should be converted into a controlled-access freeway from Smith Point County Park to the proposed southern approach of the Shoreham-New Haven Bridge. As part of its conversion to I-91, the present roadway should be widened from four to six lanes between NY 27A-CR 80 and NY 25A, grade separations constructed, and service roads built where necessary to serve local traffic. The upgraded highway also would serve as a more effective coastal evacuation route than the current facility.

The new exits on the upgraded William Floyd Expressway should be as follows:

EXIT 1: Suffolk CR 75 (Smith Point County Park access road)
EXIT 2: Neighborhood Road / Palmetto Drive
EXIT 3: NY 27A-CR 80 (Montauk Highway) access via extended Surrey Circle
EXITS 4 E/W: NY 27 (Sunrise Highway)
EXIT 5: Dowling College-NAT Center
EXIT 6: Moriches-Middle Island Road (northbound only southbound access via EXIT 7)
EXIT 7 E/W: I-495 (Long Island Expressway)
EXIT 8: Longwood Road-Brookhaven National Laboratory
EXITS 9 E/W: NY 25 (Middle Country Road)
EXIT 10: Whiskey Road-Brookhaven State Park (new entrance)
EXITS 11 E/W: NY 25A

SOURCES: "Restoration and Protection of Fire Island," Long Island State Park Commission (1938) "Expressway Plans," Regional Plan Association News (May 1964) Transportation 1985: A Regional Plan , Tri-State Transportation Commission (1966) "Transportation: 1985 Highway Plan," Nassau-Suffolk Regional Planning Board (1970) A Comprehensive Transportation Study for Proposed Bridge Crossings , Creighton, Hamburg, Incorporated (1971) "A Bridge Link to Connecticut Could Spur Long Island's Economic Growth," Newsday (3/22/1978) Long Island Sound Bridge Study , New York State Department of Transportation (1979) "Lee Koppelman: The Master Planner" by Marilyn Goldstein, Newsday (8/08/1986) "A Drive for New, Wider Roads" by Mara Rose, Newsday (2/22/1990) "Long Island to Connecticut: Location and Placement of a High Speed Ferry Service," Report to the Suffolk County Legislature (1993) "Heat on the Highway: Skeptics Doubt Denial of Grand Plan To Widen 25A" by Sylvia Adcock, Newsday (3/03/1997) "Seeking Solutions to William Floyd Backup" by Barbara LaMonica, Suffolk Life (3/31/2004) Suffolk County Department of Public Works Daniel T. Dey Nick Klissas Scott Oglesby Jim Wade Russ Weisenbacher.

The Incredible History of Mastic Rarely Discussed

“We place leaves of Mastiha in our food,” said John Erdemir, a New York City resident who emigrated from Ankara, Turkey. “On the Asian coast close to Izmir (Tralleis in Greek) and Datca (district on a peninsula near Kos), Cesme (Tseme in Greek, opposite the island of Chios), there are mastiha trees. Few know that mastiha grows there, only the locals and they know how to keep it to themselves. They never mention it to people from Ankara.”

This statement conjured up many memories and prompted my own research. In my childhood in Astoria, I was surrounded by Chian/Micrasiates (from the coast of Greek Asia Minor) who adored anise, mastiha and mastiha ouzo. “Chios’ mastiha and ouzo is the best,” said my late grandmother, Despina Gagas Pappas (Papantonakis). “Mastiha tastes great in koulourakia. Add it. We must treasure our mastiha. Save it.” Thus began my preoccupation with saving 1950’s mastiha the way one saves gold coins. We actually used a hammer to grind it to a powder in later years.

Cesme Mastic trees landscape

I saw mastiha production first hand in 1971 during my first visit to Chios as a teacher/graduate student. “Mastiha is only grown in Chios,” said the Greek islanders. I had not traveled to Tseme by that time. In June 2007, I took an exciting tour to Tseme with Sunrise Tours of Chios, arranged by Argyro, a unique administrator. All along the coast of Cesme I noticed mastic trees dotting the landscape. How could this be? Mastic only grows in Chios!

Burnt mastic trees in Chios Fires 2012.

During the devastating fires of August 2012, which so damaged the Mastic trees, Despina Siolas, MD/Ph.D., traveled the same tour to Izmir, again arranged by Argyro of Sunrise Tours. “Mastic trees are all around the countryside,” she said. “When we returned to Chios, the mastic fires began. Our excursion continued despite the crisis. We actually had coffee frappes at a country tavern with fire fighters they looked like professional wrestlers. The islanders went about their work a usual with a calmness that was exemplary.”
Knowing of my love for mastiha, Despina bought some back for my baking. We were all concerned about a decline of mastiha in America, but thankfully that never happened.

ANA-MPA, The Athens-Macedonian News Agency, reported on November 22, 2013, “There are encouraging signs that production of mastiha – the mastic gum that is a signature product of the Aegean island of Chios – may recover after a destructive fire in 2012 that destroyed 25 percent of the island’s yield. According to a North Aegean regional authority official, many trees that were considered dead have begun to blossom again and large numbers of new trees have already been planted. This encouraging news was announced during a press conference at the 29th International Tourism Exhibition “Philoxenia” in Thessaloniki, at a North Aegean region pavilion promoting tourism on the nine islands and their potential as holiday destinations,”

Smoke from area before Avgonyma,Chios Fires 2012

Ironically, it was a Turkish-American who told me that Mastic trees can grow outside of Chios, a fact which I refused to believe and which destroyed my lifetime of mastiha memories! According to Mr. Erdemir, a man who loves dancing rebetica in Laterna, a Greek tavern in Bayside, New York, “They sell mastic to tourists visiting the Western Anatolian coast.” My own research on the internet has revealed mastic’s Mediterranean character.

Pistacia lentiscus is native throughout the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and the Iberian peninsula in the west, through southern France and Turkey to Iraq and Iran in the east. It is also native to the Canary Islands. The word mastic derives either from the Greek verb mastichein (“to gnash the teeth”, origin of the English word masticate) or massein (“to chew”).

Within the European Union, mastic production in Chios has been granted protected designation of origin (PDO) and protected geographical indication (PGI) status. Both have been granted because, although the tree is native to the entire Mediterranean region, only the mastic trees of southern Chios “weep” the mastiha resin when their bark is scored. The island’s mastic production is controlled by a co-operative of medieval villages, collectively known as the ‘Mastichochoria,’ which are also located in the southern part of Chios. There is even a small Museum of Mastic in the village of Pyrgi (

Traditionally there has also been limited production of mastic on the Çeşme peninsula on the Turkish coast, only eight nautical miles from Chios, with similar conditions suitable for mastic production. The Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion, for Reforestation and the Protection of Natural Habitats TEMA has been leading a project to protect the native mastic trees and to plant new ones on the peninsula, in order to revive commercial production. As part of this project, which is expected to last through 2016, over 3,000 mastic tree saplings were planted between 2008 and October 2011, covering 368 acres (149 hectares) of dedicated farm land provided by the Izmir Institute of Technology (

Fire fighters resting at local taverna

Dr. Marianna Hagidimitriou, Assistant Professor of the Agricultural University of Athens, said “fossils of mastic tree leaves found on the island reveal its existence six thousand years ago, suggesting that it originally came from this island. It is traded by the Chios Gum Mastic Growers Association that has 4,850 members. The Association was created in 1938 to help commercialize the product, to ensure the income of the growers, to develop new technology and to encourage new cultivation.” (

– Despina Siolas, M.D./Ph.D. (3rd from left) and Sunrise Tour participants at a taverna before Avgonyma, during the Chios fires of 2012.

The Chians are exceptional business persons who have created a unique business. It does not make a difference whether it is grown in other regions. The mastiha industry was created by unique persons who saved their island’s economy through their resourcefulness. This is the treasure of the mastiha industry: persons dedicated to their agricultural inheritance. I will hand down an appreciation of Chios mastic to the next generation of family and friends. Visit the links for more information.

یواس‌اس مصتیک (ای‌ان-۴۶)

یواس‌اس مصتیک (ای‌ان-۴۶) (به انگلیسی: USS Mastic (AN-46) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن 194' 6" بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۴ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس مصتیک (ای‌ان-۴۶)
آغاز کار: ۱۹ مه ۱۹۴۴
مشخصات اصلی
گنجایش: 1,100 tons
وزن: 1,275 tons
درازا: 194' 6"
پهنا: 37'
آبخور: 13' 6"
سرعت: 12 knots

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.

  • Concrete such as HardiBacker, Wonderboard, or Durock
  • Exterior grade or better plywood
  • Interior drywall (if the surface is painted you must roughen the surface with a sander or apply a layer of special bonding primer).
  • Hardwood
  • Luan plywood or other types of veneered plywood, where the veneer is in danger of delaminating
  • Particleboard
  • Parquet

What Is Delaminating?

With veneered plywood, delaminating involves separation between the layers of the product—e.g., between the thin, decorative surface layer (the veneer) and the wood. This can occur due to poor manufacturing or water getting between the layers and weakening their adhesive bond.

Mastic vs Thinset

There’s a newer tile adhesive introduced to the market that falls into the mastic family, some of them make claims that might end up causing you damage down the road. This article doesn’t want to discourage you from using mastic, we only want to encourage you to use them when it’s appropriate. First let’s go over the differences between mastic and thinset.

What is Mastic?

Mastic is an organic glue made from the sticky resin of the mastic tree. It’s available as a thin-liquid, thick glue, or a sticky paste. Liquid Nails® would be a notable example of the thin-liquid form where it comes in a caulking tube and squeezed out along a wall or joists to hold load-bearing walls and ceilings in place. It’s also used as a temporary hold for fixtures so they can easily be screwed into place by one person.

Mastic as a tile adhesive has a number of drawbacks, since it’s organic, it can harbor mold in high-moisture areas, it also will re-liquefy when submerged in water and lose it’s adhesive strength. Some manufacturers are promoting their tile adhesive as water-resistant and safe when subjected to limited moisture exposure, they further claim that it can be safely used to tile the walls of tub surrounds. This is where we personally have questions. It’s not that we take issue with the specific language used by the manufacturers, we just have an issue with what we perceive as a disregard for reality when making their claim.

We feel that mastic tile adhesives are a great time-saver when laying tile, but knowing the laws of physics and nature, we feel that mastic adhesive is not appropriate for use anywhere where moisture is present. Although the manufacturer is correct in stating that tile will hold up to limited water exposure, who’d want to choose mastic over thinset when using it in area where limited water exposure could possibly end up being “more than limited”.

Let’s say you tiled your shower using mastic and you shower in it daily. Everything will work out fine if your tiles remain properly sealed and no cracks form in the grout, and your shower-head performs perfectly. But what will happen if you’ve formed a tiny little crack in a tiny little area of your properly sealed tile where moisture not only penetrates, but has a tendency to wick and spread? Will your mastic adhesive hold up? What if the mastic does hold up when a little bit of moisture penetrates? What about the organic property of mastic? All that’s needed for mold growth is moisture and an organic food source. Mastic is food for mold! Another drawback is that mastic doesn’t provide much structural support and cannot be used to build up minor “off of level” imperfections in a floor. You’ll end up with more “tile lippage”, in the end this tile lippage will have an impact on the overall aesthetics of your tile project.

Although there are drawbacks with mastic, there are advantages. Mastic has superior holding strength, easier to apply, and sets quickly. When used to tile walls it’s strength allows you to set tile, and if you’re good with eyeballing, you can set tile without the use of spacers. If you attempt to set wall tiles using thinset without spacers, you’ll end up with a bunch of tiles that have slid into each other before the thinset has had time to set, resulting in a giant mess.

What is Thin-Set?

Thin-set mortar is like Portland Cement, only thinner. It’s a mixture of cement, finely graded sand, and a water-retention compound that allows the cement to properly hydrate. You’ll find thin-set sold with the words “thin set cement”, “thin-set mortar”, “dryset mortar”, and “drybond mortar”. Whatever name you find it as, we’re talking about the same thing. Thinset is designed to adhere well in a thin layer that’s typically not greater than 3/16″ thick. Thinset also provides structural support so that very minor adjustments in height can be made.

There’s also a medium bed thin set mortar which is a variation that’s used for slightly larger applications. This is used with large, heavy or thick tiles. Then there’s yet another variation of thin set for thick-bed installations. Thick bed installations generally are based on the traditional method of packing a mortar bed of a surface before installing the tile. The tile can be adhered to the mortar bed either while the mortar bed is beginning to dry or after the mortar bed has cured.

The advantages of thin-set is that it can be used in areas where there are high amounts of moisture present. Although thin-set is not waterproof, it is isn’t water soluble. When moisture is present, it will not return to a liquefied state as mastic would. Another advantage is that it’s inorganic and thus is not a food source for mold growth.

Now on with the battle of Mastic vs. Thinset!

  1. Shower floors – Thinset
  2. Shower walls – Thinset
  3. Bathroom floors – Thinset
  4. Bathroom walls – Thinset
  5. Kitchen floors – Thinset
  6. Kitchen walls – Mastic
  7. Kitchen countertops – Thinset
  8. Kitchen backsplashes – Mastic
  9. Other floors – Thinset
  10. Other walls – Mastic (where moisture is not present)

What size trowel do I use?

Follow the manufacturer’s directions on the packaging.

Visit our tile trowel department for an explanation of which size trowel to use

Historical Snapshot

In 1960, Boeing bought Vertol, a helicopter manufacturer in Philadelphia, Pa. The company had three tandem-rotor helicopters under production: the Chinook for the U.S. Army, the Sea Knight for the Navy and the Marines, and the commercial 107-II for the airlines.

The twin-turbine tandem-rotor CH-46A Sea Knight won a design competition for a medium assault transport helicopter for the Marine Corps in 1961 and made its first flight in August 1962.

The first U.S. Marine Corps Sea Knight was delivered in 1964 and began military service during the Vietnam War a year later, carrying troops and cargo to and from Navy ships in the China Sea.

By 1968, the Sea Knight had flown 75,000 hours on 180,000 missions, including 8,700 missions rescuing wounded Marines, and had carried 500,000 troops.

Between 1964 and 1990, Boeing Vertol delivered more than 600 Sea Knights. The passenger version of the Sea Knight, the Model 107-II, entered service with New York Airways in July 1962. During the 1980s and 1990s, Boeing developed modification kits and upgrades to modernize the Sea Knights.

The Sea Knight, affectionately known as the &ldquoPhrog,&rdquo is no longer in production. It has served in such venues as Vietnam, Beirut, Desert Storm, Iraq and Afghanistan. The CH-46 was replaced by the V-22 Osprey. In October 2014, the Marines flew the last service flight of the CH-46.

Vol. 46-4 – Punishment and History

This special issue appraises the role of history in the study of punishment, illuminating its utility and limitations for understanding penal change. Rather than seeking the origins of mass incarceration, as others have done, this issue examines how penal history might provide lessons for understanding punishment as a social institution and its consequences for society, especially society’s most vulnerable members. Taken together, the individual contributions to the issue address the following questions: What is the role of history in interdisciplinary studies of punishment? How do conceptions of punishment change across time and space? And how does punishment’s impact on inequalities across class, race, gender, and sexuality change (or persist) in different spatio-temporal contexts?


Editor’s Introduction: Punishment and History [free pdf download]
Ashley T. Rubin

Expansion, Crisis, and Transformation: Changing Economies of Punishment in England, 1780–1850
J.M. Moore

The Same Old Arguments: Tropes of Race and Class in the History of Prostitution from the Progressive Era to the Present
Terry G. Lilley, Chrysanthi S. Leon, and Anne E. Bowler

Marked Men: Masculinity, Mobility, and Convict Tattoos, 1919–1940
Alex Tepperman

Governors and Prisoners: The Death of Clemency and the Making of Life Sentences without Release in Pennsylvania
Christopher Seeds

Mastic AN-46 - History

New Folks In Old Mastic

A road map like this one could of come in handy when I paid a visit to Jo Ann and Phillip Strong at their home in "Old Mastic" last August 2004. Not that my driver Kenny Vitellaro or myself were strangers to the area now dubbed by realtors and it's own home owners association as Old Mastic. We were probably the oldest Masticians in the area that day.Two guys who remember when it was just called The Dana Estate another misnomer for the whole area , but probably a lot more accurate than the term "Old Mastic"

It's a name that seems to chafe at Kenny's craw much more than it does mine, but perhaps it's because he still lives in the Mastics and I do not? And to quote him " Tell me where new Mastic is? There is no such place. its all Old and it is all just MASTIC!" And he is right in the sense that all of Mastic is quite old, harking back to pre revolutionary war colonial days. I kid him and say well at least they didn't add a tacky e on the end of Old.

Though it's probably not what William Buck Dana or his grandson William Shepherd Dana or the even Ella Marian Dana (W.S's widow) the last Dana to live there envisioned for their property and that of the property they gave to their friends and estate workers, perhaps if these gates were up in 1969 Moss Lots might still be standing.

A brief history (it has been dealt with in depth on this website) for the sake of this page. The area now known as the Old Mastic was originally part of the William Floyd Estate. In the 1880's a lawyer named William Buck Dana who was the son in law of William's grandson John G. Floyd worked out an agreement to divide up the Floyd estate among John G's five children. Besides John G. Floyd Jr (who occupied the William Floyd homestead portion and was Dana's business partner ) August and Nicoll Floyd had large homes and lived there just north of the William Floyd property as did the Danas.

The Dana family were the last ones living there and so that area (other than the William Floyd part ) became known among the other residents of Mastic as The Dana Estate from about 1930's - 1960s. Some time later in the 1980's it was designated as an historic district and given the name Old Mastic. At one time the Danas alone had 24 people working on their estate and many built small cottages all over. This led to a labyrinth of dirt roads that criss crossed all over and turned up as a lot of scribble on many maps from the 1880's-1940's. Many of these roads are still there which leads us back to August 2004 and my visit to the Strongs.

I received an e mail from Jo Ann Strong about a month before I was coming back up to the area. She initially wrote to say how much she was enjoying learning the areas history from the website and that she and her husband bought one of the Dana estate cottages around a year ago. When she heard of my upcoming trip an invitation was extended to visit them. The Strong cottage on Private road is located on the north side of Lons Creek. Kenny and I decided to take the long way in from Riverside Ave passing by the original Dana Gatehouse and the land where Dana's huge victorian mansion known as Moss Lot's once stood proud. (It was destroyed by arsonists around 1970) As we headed into the laybrinth of roads through the woods we soon hit a dead end. Deciding to turn around and go back to using Jo Ann's directions we soon noticed someone pulling out of a driveway had taken an interest in us. As we paused for a minute by the woods that has grown up where Moss Lots once stood so I could get a picture, the driver pulled along side of us , stopped and her first words uttered rather tersley were. CAN I HELP YOU AND DO YOU KNOW THAT YOU ARE ON PRIVATE PROPERTY. that's all it took to set Kenny off. YES WE DO KNOW AND WE ALSO KNOW WHO'S PROPERTY IT ONCE WAS..DO YOU? and the two of them started in arguing. She also seemed concerned that I had a camera in my hand and said sternly " I do not want my house photographed." I was basically trying to ignore her, but then told her I had no interest in photographing her house, but rather the woods along side of her house where "A FAR GRANDER HOME THAN HERS ONCE STOOD. I then added that we were in the area at the invitation of one of the residents. That seemed to semi- placate her and we drove on our merry way. But Kenny said "I bet you she calls the cops on us" and he kept fuming about her attitude. Although I can understand her zeal to be a neighborhood watchperson or whatever, I could also understand Kenny's frustration at being looked upon as someone who is an outsider. As for myself. well Clark Gable's classic line from Gone With The Wind seemed appropiate . "Frankly my dear I don't give a damn".


Needless to say we arrived on time and had a very pleasent visit with the The Strongs

This was the cottage Lorena Hickock (Eleanor Roosevelt's secretary) vacationed in in the 1930's. It is also where Ella Dana

History and Development Of Mastic Asphalt

Mastic Asphalt is made up of limestone aggregates bonded together with either a real bitumen or modified bitumen. This variety of asphalt can be used for a variety of purposes from roofing, tanking, to flooring. Folks at Heritage Asphalt suggest that one can visit to discover more about the usages of mastic asphalt. Without any further ado, let us see how mastic asphalt has evolved and shaped construction over the years:

Mastic Asphalt Was Developed in Germany

Mastic Asphalt was developed in Germany in the 1960s with the primary objective of making floors and roads of new Germany strong. The country was still reeling from the havoc caused by World War II and what they needed was a bunch of inventions and developments that could strengthen their economy. Mastic asphalt proved to be one of those industrial developments.

No Design Guideline

For a very long time, there was no fixed design guideline for mastic asphalt. It was when this asphalt reached the United States, the detailed mix design guidelines were developed. It is interesting to note that in Europe there are still no design guidelines for mastic asphalt, unlike other construction materials that have strict guidelines for them.

Chemical Resistant Like No Other

One of the best uses of mastic asphalt is in factories. Mastic asphalt has been used for building floors in industrial environments for a very long time owing to its great quality of chemical resistance. Mastic asphalt is widely used for floors globally.

Can Last Over 50 Years

Roads do not last well for even 20 years, but mastic asphalt can be in good shape for over 50 years. Mastic asphalt’s durability can be credited to its formidable chemical composition that is unique, strong, and insensitive to chemicals.

What many do not know is that mastic asphalt is eco-friendly unlike other forms of construction materials. It is due to this factor that we can believe that the use of mastic asphalt will grow. Possibly, new variants may also show up if some more research is done on mastic asphalt’s composition.

Watch the video: HISTORY FILE - The Soviets 25 - Bolshevik Russia