HMAS Brisbane

HMAS Brisbane

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HMAS Brisbane

HMAS Brisbane was a Chatham class light cruiser built at the Cockatoo Dockyard in Sydney. She was the first large ship built at that dockyard, and was laid down in the same month that the yard was purchased by the Commonwealth of Australia. She was the third Chatham class cruiser built for the new Royal Australian Navy, after HMAS Sydney and HMAS Melbourne, and was twice as expensive as her sister ships, partly because large parts of the machinery and armaments had to be imported from Britain. She took just under three years to complete, one year longer than her sister ships, an impressive achievement for a dockyard with no prior experience of building large warships, and under wartime construction. However, she cost twice as much to build as her sister ships.

For most of the First World War the Brisbane remained in southern waters, under the direct control of the Australian Government, then at Melbourne. Her main duties were trade protection in Australian waters. In April 1917 she was dispatched to the East Indies during the hunt for the German raider Wolf, and on 24 September 1917 was sent to the Solomon Islands, one possible location for the raider (the Wolf escaped the net and made her way back to Germany).

In 1918 Brisbane escorted convoys from Australia to the United Kingdom. In November 1918 she joined the British naval squadron in the Aegean, before returning to Australia in 1919. She was turned into a training ship in 1928, and paid off in 1935. She was scrapped in 1936 after a twenty year career.

Displacement (loaded)


Top Speed



4,500 nautical miles at 16kts

Armour – deck

1.5in – 3/8in

- belt

2in on 1in plate

- conning tower





Eight 6in guns
Four 3pdr guns
Two 21in submerged torpedo tubes (beam)

Crew complement



30 September 1915


November 1916

Sold for break up



Captain Cumberlege

Books on the First World War |Subject Index: First World War

HMAS Brisbane Dive

Three ships and a naval base of the Royal Australian Navy have been named HMAS Brisbane after Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland.

* The first ship Brisbane, launched 1915, was a Town class light cruiser
* The second ship Brisbane (D41), launched 1966, was a Perth class guided missile destroyer. (The one we dive on.)
* The third ship Brisbane will be one of the new air warfare destroyers to enter service after 2013.
* HMAS Brisbane was a naval base between 1940-1942.

HMAS Brisbane (D 41), the Perth class guided missile destroyer, built in the United States of America and commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy in 1967. She served in the Vietnam War and during Operation Desert Storm (Operation Damask), was decommissioned in 2001, and was sunk as a dive wreck off the Queensland Sunshine Coast.

HMAS Brisbane ɻridging' history

The bridge of warship HMAS Brisbane has come to rest at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra after a tricky operation to lift the relic into place.

The ship was active during the Vietnam War and the First Gulf War, notching up more than 30 years of service.

Curator Nick Fletcher says the hull of the ship was sunk off the Queensland coast in 2005 but the 10,500 kilogram bridge will become a striking addition to the War Memorial's collection.

"It's too big to fit inside our gallery so it's actually been put up outside," he said.

"It's a temporary arrangement where we're having a tunnel that goes from inside the building, will go inside the bridge, so that you can have the experience of being on the bridge of an active Australian warship."

Mr Fletcher says first hand accounts of crew members will form part of the exhibition.

"Quite a number of former members of the crew have talked to us," he said.

"The Brisbane was in operation for over 30 years so that is a considerable length of time but yes we've done our best to talk to Brisbane crew and I imagine we'll continue to do so as well as we put the story together."

Your Brisbane: Past and Present

The Teneriffe area was a vital cog in the Australian-American naval forces during WWII. The former Capricorn Wharf was a US submarine base, and just south of that was the Australian Navy's base HMAS Moreton.

The Capricorn Wharf returned to civilian duty as a commercial wharf following the war, and then was demolished as the Teneriffe precinct began its urban renewal.

HMAS Moreton continued as a naval base through until it was decommissioned in 1994 and then demolished soon after. This allowed the construction of Freshwater Apartments (below) on the site.

(Photo: Brisbane City Council on flickr)

Here are a couple of photographs of HMAS Moreton shortly before it was demolished.

(Photo: Australian War Memorial P00294.001_1943)

Next we have a photograph from the early 1970s of HMAS Yarra berthed at the HMAS Moreton wharf. The suburb of New Farm and the Story Bridge are visible behind the base.

(Photo: RAN Historical, Heritage Collection image ID NO. 04289)

A memorial plaque remembering the WRANS who served at HMAS Moreton has been fixed to a stone at the former site.


HMAS Moreton was at Garden Point during WWII. The site where Freshwater Apartments are today was the RAN Navy Victualling Store during WWII and later became HMAS Moreton in 1960. I believe that plaque to NS is located at Garden Point and the WWII Photo of the WRANS was also at HMAS Moreton at Garden Point.

"I believe that plaque to NS" should have read "I believe that plaque to WRANS"

Thanks for the clarification, Peter.


This Australian Navy Book is authored by Rear Admiral Ken Doolan AO who during his naval career was the commander of the HMAS Brisbane. His most senior command being Maritime Commander Australia and operational commander of all Australian combatant forces deployed to the Gulf War. HMAS Brisbane was the third and last American built guided missile destroyer acquired by Australia in the mid 1960's.

The warship has the unique distinction of being the only Australian destroyer to have been deployed on active service to two major conflicts during the second half of the twentieth century. She was assigned for active serice in the Vietnam War in 1969 and again in 1971.

Twenty years later Brisbane was the only Australian destroyer sent to the Persian Gulf during the 1990/1991 Gulf Crisis and Gulf War.

The Bridge of HMAS Brisbane forms a display in the Conflicts 1945 to today galleries of the Australian War Memorial.

The rest of Brisbane was decommissioned in 2001, and was sunk as a dive wreck off the Queensland Sunshine Coast in 2005.

Crew List HMAS Brisbane 1st & 2nd Deployments

Commander R. R. Calder, RAN
Commander W. L. Robinson, RAN
Commander B. J. Wriggles, RAN
Lieutenant Commander P. I. M. Ferguson, RAN
Lieutenant Commander D. A. Harries, RAN
Lieutenant Commander V. R. Littlewood, RAN
Lieutenant Commander J. G. McDermott, RAN
Lieutenant Commander B. Orr, RAN
Lieutenant Commander C. J. Slater, RAN
Lieutenant Commander R. G. Taylor, RAN
Lieutenant Comniander B. L. Weeks, RAN
Lieutenant C. A. Barrie, RAN
Lieutenant M. Biddle, RAN
Lieutenant S. D. Brown, RAN
Lieutenant P.J. Cocking, RAN
Lieutenant R. I. A. Glenn, RAN
Lieutenant R. N. Hall, RAN
Lieutenant R. N. Jermyn, RAN
Lieutenant V. M. Nolan, RAN
Surgeon Lieutenant D. H. Owens, RAN
Lieutenant I. C. Watson, RAN
Lieutenant R. F. Williams, RAN

R49473 CPOQMG P. J. Hadler
R44604 CPOUC R. P. Jacobs
R27611 CPORP R.J. Morris
R47727 CPOFC N. A. Ross

R55434 POCD W. G. Burrows
R56477 POQMG H. R. Morgan
R5726O POQMG J. B. McClymont
R53209 POUW R. Norman
R93558 POUC P. W. Peard
R55383 POWM P. M. Procopis
R93O22POUC J. M. Williams
R543I7PORP R. J. Windebank

R59532 LSWM A. I-I. Anderson-Clemenc
R59480 LSPT L. E. Benfield
R56710 LSFC D. E. Beswick
R93171 LSRP W. Brouwer
R59667 LSRP R. J. Cato
R59671 LSUC C. V. Coiinor
R555l9 LSRP A. L. Dixon
R58963 LSQMG G. A. Donald
R62102 LSUC L. M. Dybing
R54545 LSFC J. F. Grimmond
R62650 LSWM G. A. Hattenfels
R64990 LSRP R. C. Hill
R59589 LSUW D. W. Jenkins
R59382 LSRP 0. K.Jurd
R93323 LSUC B. R. Mallet
R54578 LSWM L. J. Mitchell
R65249 LSRP K. F. O’Connell
R41763 LSRP P. A. Quinn
R57911 LSRP J. H. P. Van De Velden
R62548 LSRP A. J. Wood

R63725 ABCD D. S. Allan
R94770 ABWM D. A. Allen
R54060 ABWM H. W. Barnes
R95705 ABUW J.J. Bensley
R62241 ABRP J. Benra
R65059 ABRP M. A. Bradford
R94782 ABWM S. Chaplin
R93487 ABRP P. J. Cottam
R54649 ABFC K. J. Cowell
R65071 ABUC B. J. Double
R66780 ABUC2 A. R. Flegg
R94798 ABRP W. R. Foster
R94799 ABRP P. C. Furk
R94425 ABQMG D. H. Gibbons
R64994 ABUC G. R. Jesser
R63871 ABQMG G. A. Lester
R64214 ABQMG L. J. Lewis
R93595 ABFC G. J. Linford
R64374 ABQMG D. J. Littlechild
R65726 ABUC R. W. MackIin
R65500 ABRP D. W. Marsen
R64220 ABQMG G. P. Marshall
R65016 ABUC G. P. Miller
R66515 ABWM D. L. Morgan
R95004 ABRPJ. D. McDonald
R93325 ABUW K. D. McLeod
R65146 ABFC T. C. McSweeney
R64782 ABQMG R. J. Perkins
R65160 ABFC M. J. Pocock
R59621 ABFC T. J. M. Powell
R94845 ABWM P. G. Rawlings
R95654 ABFC R. T. Skinner
R65035 ABFC G. A. Slater
R63689 ABUC P. J. Smith
R59173 ABWM M. J. Talbot
R64488 ABQMG B. J. Taylor
R95058 ABRP J. W. Toshach
R62322 ABRP J. C. Troost
R64795 ABQMG M. J. Vallis
R65187 ABFC J. L. Whiting
R41782 ABRP C. V. M. Whitworth
R93601 ABUW N. R. Wood
R94871 ABRP M. J. Wood
R52722 ABWM A. J. Young

R96325 ORDQMG P. J. N. Ansen
R96328 ORDWM M. 0. Bancroft
R96341 ORDQMG I. G. Davies
R96347 ORDUW S. L. Eisenhuth
R96348 ORDWM D. G. Elder
R96349 0RDRP P. M. W. Fernvhough
R96350 ORDFC J. D. Firth
R96357 ORDWM E. G. Gooch
R96358 ORDRP R. G. Hall
R96359 ORDQMG G. Hamel
R96360 ORDRP C. A. A. Hammer
R96370 ORDQMG A. G. Knight
R96374 ORDRP R.J. Lawford
R96405 ORDUW G. G. Shaw
R96406 ORDUC A. W. Shearman
R67257 ORDUC J. W. Spinks
R96409 ORDQMG K. M. Sutherland
R96410 ORDUC C. W. Symonds
R96412 ORDRP H. Szaja
R96418 ORDRP D. J. Williams
R96421 ORDUW A. C. Woods

R55508 CCY D. W. Bain
R36163 CRS L. F. Moriarty

R59536 LRO P. C. Barnard
R62962 LTO D. T. V. Blair
R55608 LROS L. E. Bushell
R41759 LROS W. Flook
R58658 LRO K. R. Hankinson
R62115 LRO T.J. Harriss
R93674 LTO G. G. Holmes
R59450 LRO T. N. Mander
R59219 LTO B.J. McNamara
R62138 LTO L. B. Minchin
R58175 LTO W. K. Phillips

R95079 ROS R. J. Allen
R59538 RO I. Barrons
R93175 ROS D. G. Calder
R94627 RO V. G. Ford
R64564 RO A. R. Hatcher
R93318 RO R. A. Hersel
R62201 RO W. P. Lamb
R66106 TO P. W. Mallie
R65581 TO C. Mitchell
R65586 TO D. L. Pepper
R93738 TO W. R. Rushton
R59526 ROS C. B. Taeuber
R93759 ROS G. C. Walker

Marine Engineering Branch

R42405 NSl M. J. Clarke
R53692 MECH1 N. D. Ctercteko
R46375 MECH1 B. S. Davis
R53793 CME M. S. Gulliford
R54122 CME G. B. Hunt
R54463 ERA1 K. R Johnston
R48438 CERA R. L. Lark
R42277 NS1 F. A. Marshall
R42287 ERAI R. E. Sanders
R54030 MECH1 J. L. Sullivan
R44554 CME A. M. Tait
R53145 CERA W. E. Wernert

R42168 ERA2 R. A. Diciunas
R93199 MECH2 G. W. Farrow
R58l38 MECH2 E. L. Fielding
R59047 POME A. K. Humphrevs
R55632 POME R. A. Johnson
R57468 POME P. N. Kenny
R93122 MECH2 P. A. Knight
R64860 ERA2 J. 0. Morris
R57129 POME L. N. McPherson
R57891 POME G. P. Neilsen
R65359 ERA2 R. P. Renaud
R42876 ERA2 D. J. Shirvill
R49951 POME I. A. Simpson
R46829 POME L. L. Tippet

R58539 LME B. J. Bayliss
R59424 LME K. V. Bulmer
R93369 LME R. Carlton
R42745 ERA3 R. A. Cork
R58747 LME I. K. Ferguson
R94632 LME A. F. B. Gale
R93035 LME T. H. George
R59444 LME E. R. Jans
R63014 LME P. A. Keefe
R63991 LME B. Langley
R58393 LME K. L. Lawson
R57885 LME D. R. McClelland
R58695 LME D. M. Powell
R37656 LME B. R. Ramsay
R59630 LME L. G. Shephard
R93454 LME C. T. Steele
R62478 LME G. J. Stewart
R59408 LME B. A. Tobin
R59966 LME M. L. Webcke

R65457 ME R. J. Ackroyd
R96011 ME A. C. Attrill
R93431 ME E. Bahlij
R63923 ME M. G. Baker
R59757 ME P. A. Barter
R58632 ME G. L. Batfield
R93792 ME G. W. Broome
R93172 ME L. G. Brown
R59533 ME L. Chaplin-Ardagh
R58427 ME L. A. Clothier
R90629 ME2 M. J. Coffey
R63943 ME K. J. Collins
R66178 ME M. L. Dalie-Nogare
R64677 ME P. E. Daniels
R58041 ME H. J. M. Diekema
R94613 ME R.J. Dine
R59637 ME E. L. Ducat
R59574 ME D. W. Glew
R93841 MEJ: D. Gray
R62509 MEJ. C. Hampton
R93855 ME D. A. Honess
R94967 ME L. W. Horby
R63984 ME R. G. Jaifray
R59210 ME C. R. Jamieson
R66431 ME L. M. Johnson
R94667 ME D. K. Keltie
R94683 ME I. J. Liccioni
R59707 ME B. Matthews
R66860 ME2 D. J. Norquay
R95331 ME G. L. Obst
R64026 ME M. G. Richardson
R64722 ME G. H. Rogers
R64655 ME C. 0. L. Schluenz
R96087 ME2 M. R. Schumacher
R64727 ME R. J. Shilcock
R93948 ME G. M. Williams

R42401 SAC1 C. A. Benporath
R27766 EAC1 K. P. Benson
R42262 EAWI W. R. Collins
R42437 SAPI M. Creagh
R51150 CECJ. B. Dobson
R88155 CSAW P. Flynn
R51702 CASP H. E. Frey
R42422 SAPI K. A. Neil
R30205 CREWR H. D. O’Connell
R56629 CEWR W. J. F. Pierce

R42651 SAP2 A. K. Anderson
R54844 POEWE B. J. Collins
R42483 SAP2 R. L. Crawfoot
R53961 POEP J. M. Donato
R57851 POEWE G. A. Drudge
R67616 SAC2 R. M. Emery
R57455 POEC A. J. Godfrey
R57553 POEWE D. T. Hallam
R62577 POEWR A. Hutchcraft
R55787 POEWR A. Kish
R93534 POEWE M. G. Lester
R42506 SAW2 B. J. Millar
R47975 POEWR N. E. Swanson
R47251 POEP J. Teske
R42345 SAP2 P. M. Webb

R62968 LEMWE W. J. Bulloch
R59107 LEMWR I. D. Campbell
R63951 LEMWR D. K. Ditchburn
R63095 LEMP P. A. Gover
R63400 LEMWE S. R. Grindrod
R63715 LEMWE D. M. Hannaford
R59309 LEMWE R. J. Jorgensen
R62280 LEMC J. B. Kramme
R59705 LEMP P. Maher
R62886 LEMWR J. F. Martin
R59059 LEMWR J. W. McMillan
R59926 LMWE P. D. O’Dowd
R62297 LEMC K. W. Oliver
R62149 LEMP J. C. Peterson
R62693 LEMWR R. T. Salter
R63051 LEMWE K. C. Smith
R64042 LEMC P. J. Tie
R63160 LEMWE C. W. Walker
R65186 LEMWE D. Whitehead
R93077 LEMWR K. Zarubin

R63927 EMP R. E. Billingsley
R66166 EMWR2 B. K. Bullock
R66167 EMWR2 J. F. Burton
R66310 EMWRJ. T. Cecchi
R62972 EMWE L. V. Christian
R63767 EMWR D. G. Coombe
R62850 EMPJ. F. Fitzgerald
R62854 EMP I. MeL. Galloway
R62860 EMP B. L. G. Harvey
R94034 EMWR A. W. Hawkins
R43115 EMP J. M. Hodgson
R54465 EMP P. L. Joy
R625I4EMP J. G. Kelly
R62281 EMP R. J Krygsman
R93875 EMWR M. L. Lampo
R41762 EMP A. L. Macleod
R63283 EMC D. S. Mclnnes
R65747 EMWR D. R. Sandquest
R62935 EMP J. G. Van Eyck
R62706 EMWR K. J. Walker

Supply and Secretariat Branch

R57435 POSTD L. G. Benn
R59292 POCK M. J. Fitzgerald
R58017 POSy P. J. Flockhart
R62752 POSTD M. W. Glynn
R53971 POWTR W. L. Harris
R54604 POCK C. 0. Shears
R38610 POCK W. C. Thompson
R57106 POSTD T. A. Winterbottom

R54326 LCK N. S. Anderson
R59693 LSTD V. L. Hinds
R50183 LCK D. T. Jones
R42552 LSAV G. B. Langan
R93714 LCK K. M. Murrell
R59005 LWTR R. A. C. Smith
R63441 LSAN R. J. Tweedie
R93758 LWTR V. D. Venaglia
R65910 LSTD B. J. Worth

R64282 WTR G.J. Cheney
R95404 CK2 A. K. Clarke
R59675 STD R. L. Critchley
R95532 CK C. B. Daly
R53505 SAN D.J. Drew
R93194 STD W. J. Edwards
R95542 CK T. A. Goodley
R64299 STD T. R. Green
R65235 CK B. G. Kramer
R67129 CK2 R. F. S. Maconachie
R95607 CK W. R. Matthews
R59402 STD G. N. Renshaw
R66523 STD R. A. Roberts
R95664 CK W. M. Studley
R94742 SAV R. W. Terry
R65447 CK S. W. Watkins
R95071 STD N. L. Wenban
R65826 SAN C. Wilcock
R62943 SAN T. M. Wild

R62067 LASE G. Sommer
R59731 LAMET J. R. Spalding
R63856 NAPHOT C. J. Hicks

HMAS Brisbane Second Deployment
March 16 1971 - October 15 197

Commanding Officer
Captain R. G. Loosli, RAN

Executive Officer
Lieutenant Commander E. T. Keane, RAN

Commander W. R. Wheeler, RAN
Lieutenant Commander E. S. Bell, RAN
Lieutenant Commander P. R. Bowler, RAN
Lieutenant Commander R. T. Derbidge, RAN
Lieutenant Commander L. G. Terry, RAN
Lieutenant Commander H. E. F. Tooth, RAN
Lieutenant Commander B. L. Weeks, RAN
Lieutenant G. R. Cole, RAN
Lieutenant K. Flindell, RAN
Surgeon Lieutenant R. F. Haskett, RAN
Engineer Lieutenant R. Holme, RAN
Engineer Lieutenant D. Kitchin, RAN
Lieutenant I. R. McDougall, RAN
Lieutenant G. MacKinnell, RAN
Lieutenant R. H. Old, RAN
Electrical Lieutenant V. D. P. O’Regan, RAN
Lieutenant G. D. Prass, RAN
Lieutenant D. J. Ramsay, RAN
Lieutenant H. W. Thomsett, RAN
Lieutenant I. C. Watson, RAN
Sub-LieutenantJ. R. Lord, RAN
Sub-Lieutenant W. F. A. Wilson, RAN

R37898 CPOCOX E.J. Stokes
R93078 CPOUW D. J. Anderson
R52159 CPORP F.J. Brennan
R27832 CPOFC P. N. Dewar
R49473 CPOQMG P. J. Hadler
R52783 CPOUC R. T. McLaren

R59016 POWM W. J. Bastow
R93644 POUC P. A. Dawson
R57034 PORP D. A. Dunlop
R93211 POWM R. A. Harvey
R51350 POFC L. W. Horton
R63265 POUC F. King
R57346 POCD B. P. Paulsen
R53837 POQMG D. W. Reddick
R47125 POFC B. J. Welsh

R62492 LSUW J. R. Avery
R64897 LSRP D. J. Barnewall
R95705 LSUW J.J. Bensley
R63932 LSPT W. T. Bradford
R62339 LSWM C. L. Brown
R64500 LSCOX P. D. C. Brown
R65472 LSRP I. K. Craine
R67208 LSRP W. J. Futcher
R63964 LSQMG J. A. Giltrap
R95739 LSWM V. W. Gunnee
R94445 LSUC G. Hartwell
R65784 LSUC A. W. Hayton
R64628 LSRP N. I. Hoey
R66659 LSRP D. Kirkpatrick
R66734 LSRPJ. A. Lynch
R103467 LSFC G. K. McAdam
R94997 LSFC V. E. Miatke
R93250 LSRP A. J. Nelson
R96244 LSRP D. K. O’Connell
R55482 LSRP W. B. Parker
R66865 LSRP A. P. Quinn
R65162 LSQMG W. A. E. Raff
R94726 LSQMG J. T. Schmidt
R95976 LSWM A. J. Starr
R63439 LSUW L. D. Thomas
R66616 LSRP R. E. Tyson
R96300 LSQMG P. L. Van-Der-Togt
R64255 LSRP R. A. Warner

R103622 ABFC P. W. Alexander
R104903 ABRP P. 5. Applebee
R65093 ABCD R. A. Barclay
R104916 ABFC C. Billingsley
R103454 ABQMG A. Cattle
R96465 ABFC R. J. Donne
R96154 ABUC A. L. Emmerton
R105534 ABRP G. H. P. Garstin
R105535 ABRP A. J. Harnett
R43300 ABFCJ. S. Hawley
R63248 ABFC K. W. G. Haywood
R105030 ABRP J. V. Hicks
R104208 ABWM R. J. Hobbs
R66581 ABWM W. J. Hoye
R105314 ABRP J. W. Hughes
R104380 ABUW K. E. Jenkins
R103974 ABWM T. N. Jones
R95582 ABFC W. J. Jose
R95595 ABFC G. J. Unford
R95917 ABWM T. J. Meehan
R104264 ABQMG F. L. Moffatt
R63425 ABQMG N. H. Payne
R104845 ABRP W. G. Peterson
R66866 ABQMG M. J. Quinn
R96269 ABRP D. S. T. Robson
R66606 ABRP I. R. Sanders
R96278 ABUC R. N. Sandiford
R96406 ABUC A. W. Shearman
R104913 ABFC R. A. Smith
R103495 ABUC M. H. Tolley
R95991 ABWM R.J. Walsh
R95996 ABWM L. J. Webster
R66885 ABRP C. T. Wilkinson
R65932 ABUW L. J. Williams

R108720 ORDWM V. N. Demczuk
R109014 ORDUW B. F. Haydon
RI 10102 ORDUC B. E. Kern
R109704 ORDUC P. W. Murphy
R109018 ORDUCJ. L. O’Neill
R107697 ORDUC B.J. Simmonds
R108723 ORDWM P. Werner
R108412 ORDQMG C. A. Whitehouse

1129105 CRS A. B. Diggle
1193410 CCY A. J. Hughes

R59897 CY K. E. Inall
R93155 CY R. A. Wilson

R59546 LRO L. D. Bredhauer
R93814 LRO C. C. Davison
R63088 LRO K. R. Dudman
R64313 LTO W. Leijen
R63492 LRO D. R. McDonald

R96018 TO M. E. Bourke
R103405 TO R. B. Cooper
R66913 TO J. E. Falk
R62637 ROS J.J. Gallagher
R94633 TO C. D. Gallagher
R63099 ROS R. E. Heaney
R67025 RO H. J. Kirkland
R96565 ROS T. R. McKaskill
R66594 TO M. A. Millsom
R96081 TO C. S. Palmer
R105031 ROS A. N. H. Phillips
R66805 RO L. R. Pye
R95778 RO R. A. Scott
R66688 RO T. M. Turner
R63062 ROS R. D. Westthorp

Marine Engineering Branch

R51889 CNS R. N. Boxall
R93199 MECHI C. W. Farrow
R58138 MECHI E. L. Fielding
R58381 ERAI T. C. Flanagan
R42680 NSI S.J. Grochowski
R28252 CERA A. Hills
R93112 MECHI P. A. Knight
R42375 ERAI W. Lozowy
R59177 NSI P. W. Tomlinson
R32807 CME B. C. H. Zemek

R57641 MECH2 J. R. Bolger
R94393 POME R. W. Clark
R43281 ERA2 S. T. Dacey
R43282 ERA2 R. T. Dadd
R55096 POME A. F. Evans
R93137 MECH2J.W. R. Evans
R93035 POME T. H. George
R55624 POME T. W. Gordon
R42758 ERA2 P. J. Hall
R64104 POMEJ. W. Hinson
R43022 ERA2 R. J. Inglis
R57468 POME P. N. Kenny
R63115 POME C. A. Maier
R66677 ERA2J. T. Priestly
R65359 ERA2 P. P. Renaud
R42970 ERA2 P. R. Rogers
R42876 ERA2 D. J. Shirvill
R48010 POME C. J. Sullivan

R59757 LME P. A. Barter
R63532 LME A. J. Cuthbertson
R64676 LME J. Dagwell
R93999 LME P. J. Dahistrom
R58755 LME H. F. Cilvarry
R62754 LMEJ.J. Gorski
R93855 LME D. A. Honess
R59444 LME E. R. Jans
R64569 LME K. Kerr
R63271 LME T. Lowes
R63303 LME D. O’Brien
R43431 ERA3 D. Pickering
R93285 LME Z. Stankowski
R93841 LMEJ. D. Sur
R52134 LME R. H. Wheeler

R105070 ME L. R. Armanasco
R96431 ME T. P. Barratt
R65287 ME W. A. Briscoe
R94376 ME S. W. Butcher
R96447 ME P. L. Carlow
R96337 ME L. B. Cheetham
R96029 ME M. J. Coffey
R105378 ME2 S. C. Collins
R103655 ME J. M. Crompton
R103789 ME2 C. C. Dangerfield
R94403 ME R. K. Davies
R103544 ME P. C. Douglas
R63842 ME J. R. Evans
R104556 ME2 K. E. Evans
R105728 ME S. H. Farquhar
R103630 ME J. Fitzgibbon
R95419 ME P.J. Franklin
R104430 ME R. J. Gibb
R104945 ME G.J. Harris
R64566 ME E. Hodikin
R106693 ME W. A. Hosking
R96188 ME S. Hughes
R105156 ME I. C. Johnson
R66587 ME S. J. Knowler
R64572 ME M. Kuhnast
R94239 ME R. I. Lang
R103692 ME W. T. Lloyd
R104576 ME P.J. McKeown
R104043 ME J. W. McNamec
R959l9 ME C. A. Mills
Rl04442 ME P. W. Murphy
R104783 ME I. F. Nicol
R105790 ME P. C. Paprotny
R63893 ME G. J. Parsons
R104046 ME F. C. Passmore
Rl04593 ME2 P. J. Rapinett
R96266 ME D. J. Rixon
R96087 ME M. R. Schumacher
R64144 ME R.J. Semmens
R94316 ME C. P. Sheehan
R966l9 ME J. W. Varley

R109024 ORDME W. F. T. Adler
R109028 ORDME R.J. Burge
R107696 ORDME P. A. French
R109040 ORDME P. A. Sexton
R109041 ORDME N. K. Tape
R109043 ORDME M. P. Travis
R107699 ORDME G. J. Williams

R42470 SAPI R. R. Arndt
R67176 SACI R. M. Emery
R55848 CEC W. H. Fyffe
R42540 SAP1 P. C. Hansen
R59130 CEWR M. R. Holzl
R37639 CSAPJ. R. Maxwell
R42422 CSAP K. A. Neil
R64524 SAW1 M. D. Perry
R49612 CEWE R. H. Pitt
R42428 SAP1 R. J. Smit

R43169 SAP2 P. J. Barry
R42737 SAW2 B. L. Border
R42993 SAW2 R. L. Borthwick
R54748 POEP D. S. Botwood
R59665 POEWR P. A. A. Cairns
R43092 SAP2 G. D. Currie
R43100 SAW2 R. Featherstone
R43296 SAP2 R. G. Gourley
R43114 SAW2 W. R. Hinds
R62577 POEWR A. Hutchcraft
R43216 SAC2 D. W. Lane
R43033 SAP2 G. Martin
R43038 SAW2 R. J. Miller
R63128 POE WE H. Newell
R42865 SAW2 W. A. E. Olsen
R43245 SAW2 B. R. Shrimpton
R47975 POEWR N. E. Swanson
R47251 POEP J. Teske
R42984 SAP2 R. S. Wood

R42817 LEMWR G. J. Blucher
R64075 LEMWR E. Boron
R62968 LEMWE W. J. Bulloch
R66166 LEMWR B. K. Bullock
R64820 LEMC B. Chapman
R94011 LEMC M. I. Edwards
R63534 LEMWR M. A. Fisher
R64193 LEMP E. J. France
R94210 LEMWE L. G. Giles
R65555 LEMWR C. G. Goodwin
R64516 LEMWR R. C. Hyde
R63479 LEMWR R. A. Jackson
R66727 LEMWR A. Jerzyna
R94046 LEMC P. L. Johnston
R63570 LEMWR P. Rickard
R64720 LEMWR J. S. Riley
R65815 LEMP M. Springham
R65186 LEMWE D. Whitehead
R59972 LEMP R.J. Williamson

R66625 EMWR P.J. Armstrong
R95700 EMP I. E. Atkinson
R66160 EMWRJ. R. Batty
R63927 EMP R. E. Billingsley
R65772 EMC D. J. Cook
R104353 EMWE W. N. Dekker
R62986 EMWE I. C. Dennien
R66219 EMWR K. L. Janiszewski
R106368 EMWR G. R.Johns
R105207 EMWE V. Koskovic
R96203 EMWR C. J. Lawless
R106401 EMP M. R. Magor
R96242 EMP M. J. O’Brien
R96594 EMWE J. W. Ostenfeld
R95645 EMC R. F. Saunders
R103721 EMWR W. J. Vandewolf
R95068 EMP P. E. Watts

R109026 ORDEM D.J. Barnes
R109031 ORDEM D. P. Ellis
R109033 ORDEM A. D.Jamieson
R109035 ORDEM R. F. Lynch
R108728 ORDEM A. B. Schwarze
R107698 ORDEM S. C. Went

Supply and Secretariat Branch

R33152 CPOSN B. A. Caldwell

R57435 POSTD L. G. Benn
R40248 POCK J. E. Hynes
R56524 POSV A. M. T. Maloney

R62758 LCK P. D. Hill
R95289 LSAV D. S. Joicey
R50183 LCK D. T.Jones
R94270 LWTR R. W. Neal
R57148 LCK B. C. Neilson
R62078 LCK P. J. Tomkins
R59835 LSAN L. J. Traeger
R64048 LSTD S. N. Wardle
R49578 LSTD H. K. Watson
R62080 LSAN D. J. Wells
R64055 LCK R. K. Woods

R105490 CK A. S. Allen
R96031 CK T. V. Collier
R104035 STD C. R. Daigliesh
R104230 STD J. C. Dickson
R65860 SAN R. Dixon
R103547 SAV L.J. Edwards
R62653 CKJ. A. Hope
R104712 SAN J. D.Johnston
R104383 CK M. T. Kinder
R105261 CK E.J. Legg
R53528 CK N. K. Lockyer
R106643 STD M. Oryszczyn
R104876 STD J. C. Pollitt
R66959 CK J. A. Rowe
R105753 CK J. R. Salvesen
R105118 STD A. M. Wade
R94351 STD B. A. White
R94551 WTR B. Williams

R108413 ORDSTD R. A. HardstafT

R63650 LAMET D. L. Beechey
R59945 LASE R. J. Smith
R65294 NAPHOT E. C. Galloway



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HMAS Brisbane (D41)

Authored By: JR Potts, AUS 173d AB | Last Edited: 06/22/2016 | Content © | The following text is exclusive to this site.

HMAS Brisbane was a Perth-class guided missile destroyer built by the United States as a modified Charles F. Adams-class destroyer. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) had purchased the County-class destroyers from Britain, however the RAN felt the Sea Slug missile system had limitations. The Sea Slug was a high performance weapon with a single kill probability of 92%. It was limited due to its complex handling requirements and each County-class ship was fitted with just a single fire control radar able to identify and engage only one target at a time. The RAN reviewed all options and ordered two modified Charles F. Adams-class destroyers from Defoe Shipbuilding Company of Bay City, Michigan in January 1962. A third was ordered in June 1963 as HMAS Brisbane (D41).

The modification required by the RAN to Defoe for the American ships was the addition of two broad deckhouses between the funnels for the Ikara ASW missile system, built to hold a single arm missile launcher rather than a twin arm launcher. The ships were the first of a series of American designs to enter service in the RAN. The Ikara missile was a RAN launched anti-submarine missile named after an Australian Aboriginal word for "throwing stick". An acoustic homing torpedo had a range of 10 nautical miles (19 km), used as a fast reaction attack against submarines at close range without risk to the attacking ship. The torpedo was designed to fly to the general area of the target, then submerging as a torpedo, giving the submarine less time to respond and target the destroyer.

HMAS Brisbane's construction was ordered and she was laid down by Defoe in February of 1965. While the ship was under construction, future Australian crew members came to Bay City to train on the ship and prepare her for commissioning. Some crew members came with their families but, without enough temporary housing available, the local residents came forward and provided accommodations for the American allies from Down Under. The ship was launched on May 5th, 1966, and she was christened by the wife of the Lord Mayor of Brisbane who thanked the builders for their fine work. Many Australians came to the 'States for the ceremony and 5,000 people witnessed the launching. Brisbane, nicknamed by her crew as the "Steel Cat", was commissioned into the RAN on December16th, 1967.

While returning to home waters she completed her sea trials and, in 1969, Brisbane was sent to Vietnam and served as an anti-aircraft ship in support of American carriers on Yankee Station in the Gulf of Tonkin. She participated in two major operations during the Vietnam War - "Sea Dragon" and "Market Time". Operation Sea Dragon was a series of naval operations to find and stop sea lanes of supplies going south from North Vietnam into South Vietnam. The Sea Dragon forces goal was interception and destruction of WaterBorne Logistic Craft (WBLC) - from large self-propelled barges on down to small junks and sampans. As some targets were located onshore, the Steel Cat would use her 5-inch guns to destroy land targets when needed.

Operation Market Time was another of the U.S. Navy's effort to stop troops and supplies from flowing by sea from North Vietnam's supply operation into South Vietnam. Most of the allied ships operated in the coastal waters from the Cambodian border around southern Vietnam and north towards Da Nang. North Vietnamese trawlers that were built in China could carry several tons of arms and ammunition. Not flying identifying flags, the ships would maneuver out in the South China Sea and, under the cover of darkness, make high speed runs to the South Vietnam coastline. The ships used in Market Time - like HMAS Brisbane - operated both day and night and in any weather condition for more than eight years, doing tough duty to minimize the delivery of war material into South Vietnam.

The RAN also aided in natural disasters when possible. Such a time came when Cyclone Tracy struck Australia and many ships at sea were lost or swamped. The RAN patrolled the coastal waters looking for survivors' Reports held that more than 22 people were lost at sea and 49 people died on land. Darwin was also hit and RAN sent thirteen ships (including Brisbane) to transport supplies to the people as part of "Operation Navy Help Darwin" - the largest humanitarian operation ever performed by the RAN.

In 1991 Brisbane and the RAN supported the international coalition sending military forces to the 1991 Persian Gulf War, known as Desert Storm. Brisbane underwent modifications prior to her deployment - two Vulcan Phalanx Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWS) were added for short-ranged air defense, her communications systems were updated, chaff launchers were added as were radar absorbent panels. Australia's contribution to the 1991 Persian Gulf War was strictly naval in nature and meant to support the Naval Task Group which formed part of the multi-national fleet in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman under Operation Damask. Brisbane also deployed three Clearance Divers to assist in the location and destruction of sea mines threatening the Gulf. In addition, Brisbane deployed medical teams to a US hospital ship, providing support to the Coalition Forces during this campaign. Brisbane was awarded the Meritorious Unit Citation by the Australian Government for her actions in the war.

Brisbane was decommissioned on October 19th, 2001, and the Australian Government decided she would be sunk as a dive wreck off the coast of Queensland. Before the sinking, her bridge and one of her 5-inch (127 mm) guns were removed and placed at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra to remember her important contribution to the history of the RAN. Brisbane was sunk approximately 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) off of the coast on July 31st, 2005, in 30 meters (98 feet) of water. The top of her funnels can be seen lying just three meters below the water at low tide.

Nomenclature of Australian Ships

Australia class heavy cruisers

HMAS Australia and Canberra of the County-class formed the backbone of the RAN from 1928 to 1943 (HMAS Canberra was sunk in action). Both carried eight 8-inch (203 mm) guns in four twin turrets, and were roomy ships which which entered service in the 1920s. In 1940 they were already well-used and the crews well-experienced.

HMAS Australia

These heavy cruisers has been laid down at John Brown & Company, Clydebank in 1925. HMAS Australia entered service in 1928, and after training in home waters and some cruises in the Pacific she was deployed the Mediterranean station 1934-1936, during the Abyssinia Crisis. Back to South-West Pacific she remained in home waters as war broke out and until mid-1940.

She was sent to the eastern Atlantic searching for German ships and for Operation Menace (the battle of Dakar). She operated from January 1942 from home waters to the Indian Ocean. As the flagship of the ANZAC Squadron in she later joined Task Force 44 and later TF 74, covering amphibious landings until 1945.

HMS Australia through the Panama Canal in March 1935

HMAS Australia took part in the battle of the Coral Sea, Savo Island, Guadalcanal and Leyte Gulf, and New Guinea. She was badly hit by kamikaze in the Lingayen Gulf, survived but was not repaired in Australia because of other priorities. Instead she limped back with summary repairs to the UK, and stayed there until the end of the war.
HMAS Australia took part in the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan and was a training ship in 1950, decommissioned in 1954, sold in 1955.

HMAS Australia in 1953

HMAS Camberra

HMAS Camberra was commissioned in 1928, alternating between deployments in home waters and China Station. From June 1940 she started escort convoys bound to Sri Lanka and South Africa. From mid-1941, she started hunting patrols, tracking down auxiliary cruisers and commerce raiders. She later patrolled around New Guinea, and later Malaysia and Java. She joined TF 44, and participated to the Guadalcanal Campaign, taking part in the battle of Tulagi.

HMAS Camberra at King’s warf in Australia before the war

In August 1942, she took part in the Battle of Savo Island, was badly damaged, and finally sunk in the infamous “Ironbottom Sound” by fellow American destroyers to avoid capture. British Rear Admiral Victor Crutchley, raised hi mark on HMAS Australia. A Baltimore-class cruiser was renamed USS Canberra to pay homage to the the brave cruiser’s crew.

HMAS Camberra at Sydney in 1936

HMAS Shropshire arriving in Sydney by 1945

Leander class light cruisers

HMS Perth
Three modern Modified Leander-class light cruisers Hobart, Perth, and Sydney, which mounted 6-inch (152 mm) guns became the staple of the RAN cruiser force. They were part of the large Leander class cruisers, also built for the Royal Navy and the RNZN. Australia had the Lion share. They were brand new ships with four twin turrets, Washington standard. The design was influenced by the York class heavy cruisers, and intended to better protect the British Empire extensive trade network. Secondary armament was four 4-inch guns, later eight in twin mounts, and 12 Vickers 0.5 inch machine guns in quadruple mounts, later replaced. The original four 21-inch torpedo tubes were also later removed, and for a time, two Fairey Seafox seaplanes were carried on board.

Their overall armor was limited to 845 tonnes, so they can reach 32 knots. Their machines were not located in separated accommodations, so that damage in this area was likely to shut down all boiler rooms. This was corrected on the next Arethusa class light cruisers. Achilles and Leander went to the RNZN, HMS Ajax, HMS Neptune and HMS Orion went to the RN and the remainder three, Apollo, Amphion and Phaeton were renamed Perth, Hobart and Sydney. They saw heavy action in the Mediterranean and afterward in the Pacific. See the leander class profiles for more informations.

HMS Perth in 1941

Light cruiser HMAS Adelaide

The Town-class cruiser Adelaide was built in Australia, the last of the large “Town” class light cruisers of the Royal Navy. She was built in Australia and therefore due to considerable delays (hence her nickname “HMAS Longdelayed”) she missed the great war. Completion depended of parts shipped from Vickers and WW1 wartime shortages, machinery and everything that could not be done in Australia.

Her final cost was 1,271,782 pounds, and her armament profited from wartime experience. She had nine BL 6 inch Mk XII naval guns and a QF 3-inch AA gun, QF 12-pounder 8 cwt field gun and four QF 3-pounder Hotchkiss saluting guns. Moreover she carried two 21-in torpedo tubes banks and depth charge racks. Until 1939 she served with the RAN, and visited New Zealand, Fiji, Hawaii, Canada and the USA. Via the Panama Canal she also visited the Caribbean, eastern Canada and Portsmouth. By January 1925, she also visited the Mediterranean and returned home, transiting by Ceylon and Singapore.

In 1927, she sailed to the Solomon Islands after the Kwaio insurrection on Malaita, landing a party. in what was called the “the Malaita massacre”. Budget cuts had her placed into reserve in June 1928. Recommissioned in emergency in 1938 she was modernized with oil boilers and truncated funnels. removed. A 6-inch gun was removed as well as the field gun and old AA gun, plus the obsolete torpedo tubes and 4-in AA guns were installed alongside a new Fire-control system. Although she waited replacement by HMAS Perth, she found back in service at home on 1st September.

Wartime carrer:

HMAS Adelaide started with escort missions, later carrying a Free French governor to take possession of New Caledonia. She collided on her way back with the merchant ship SS Coptic and later deterred the Vichy sloop Dumont d’Urville to intervene. She also patrolled around New Guinea and sailed to Garden Island in May-June 1942. Refitted, she received new anti-aircraft guns, six American 20 mm Oerlikon. In June-September 1943 she would receive but four depth charge throwers while one 6-inch gun removed, and two 4-in guns were kept.

In Sydney during a Japanese midget submarine attack she escaped any damage. Later she started escorts from Fremantle, to the Indian Ocean. In November 1942 she teamed up with HNLMS Jacob van Heemskerk and two Australian corvettes as escorts and spotted the German blockade runner Ramses, which scuttled.
She was back in action after a refit in October 1944. Se went on escorting vessels from Fremantle until the fall of 1944, was decommissioned on 26 February 1945 and became naval base tender until May 1946, sold for BU three years later.

V class destroyers

Five V-class destroyers, HMAS Vampire, Vendetta, Voyager, Waterhen arrived in 1933, remaining in service in WW2 had their aft torpedo tubes bank removed and replaced by a 12pdr AA gun plus 2-4 x 20mm Oerlikon guns plus four 0.5in AA heavy machine guns. The destroyer leader HMS Stuart was transferred to led the pack in October 1933. Three would being sunk or scuttled in 1941-1942. They served in the Mediterranean where the became the infamous “Scrap Iron Flotilla”.

Arunta class destroyers

Three Tribal-class ships built in cockatoo NyD an used by the RAN. HMAS Arunta was launched in november 1940, Warramunga in February 1942 and Bataan in January 1944. At launch they had the usual three twin mounts with 4.7-inch (120 mm) guns, a twin 4-inch (100 mm) mount, six single 20 mm Oerlikon AA and a single quadruple 2-pdr Bofors plus a single 21-inch (530 mm) quadruple torpedo tubes bank and two DCT with 46 depht charges in reserve. Their radar suite comprised the SG1, SG4, 285P4 and 253P. In the fall of 1945, the Oerlikons were retired, replaced by another single Bofors gun. They were modernized in 1949-50 and served until the late 1960s. None was lost in combat. They were quite active. HMAS Arunta for example soldiered in the Pacific, taking part in the New Guinea 1942–44 campaign, the battle of Leyte Gulf in 1944, Lingayen Gulf in 1945 and the campaign of Borneo in 1945.

Displacement: 1,990 tons/2,122 tons (1945)
Dimensions: As Tribal class
Powerplant: Two Parsons geared turbines 44,000 hp, 36.5 knots.
Crew: 13 officers, 247 sailors in 1945.

Nizam class destroyers

HMAS Nizam, Napier, Nestor, Norman were “J” class ships transferred to Australia in 1941. Specs as “J” class ships. Apart HMAS Nestor, sunk by a Stuka in the Mediterranean in June 1942, the others were returned to UK in 1945. By that time they were fitted with a type 286/P radar two 2 DCT and one DCR (plus 45 DCs), the type 271 or type 293, type 291 radars. Nizam in addition had an extra 40/56 Bofors Mk III in place of a TT bank.

Quillian class destroyers

“Q” class destroyers transferred in 1943-45 to the RAN. Data identical to the class and “R” class. Comprised the HMAS Quiberon, Quality, Queenborough, Quickmatch, and Quadrant. The transfer became permanent from 1950. Apart HMAS Quality which was BU in 1958 the three others were modernized as Type 15 ASW Frigates and served until the 1970s.

Yarra class Sloops

Four sloops, Parramatta, Swan, Warrego, and Yarra. It seems however that only Swan and Yarra were in commission. These were Grismby class first laid down in 1933. In 1935-36, HMAS Yarra and Swan, and in 1939-40 HMAS Parramatta and Warrego followed.

Barcoo class Frigates (1943)

HMAS Barcoo – credits

These were River class Frigates were built in Australia, at Cockatoo (Barcoo, Barwon), Walker (Burdekin, Diamantina), Marts Dock (Gascoyne, Lachlan, Hawkesbury, Macquarie). The last was launched in March 1945 and completed in 1946. Armament differed a bit from usual River class ships with two 4-in/45 QF Mk XVI HA (or Mark XIX on Burkedin), and six to eight 20 mm and at the end of the war one to three additional 40 mm Bofors.

BAR-class Boom defence vessels (1939)

HMAS Koala, Kangaroo and Karangi were built at the Cockatoo Docks and Engineering Company, launched between November 1939 and August 1941. They were basically copies of the 71 British net tender vessels built at the start of the war. They displaced 533 long tons, measured 41.14 m (135 ft 0 in) by 7.77 m (25 ft 6 in) in beam and a draught of 3.81 m (12 ft 6 in), for a top speed of 9.5 knots (17.6 km/h 10.9 mph), a complement of 30 and armed with a single 12-pounder gun. When not used to tend and lay nets, they were used as coastal patrol ship.

Bathurst class Corvettes (1940)

General Arrangement of RAN Bathurst class minesweepers, Navy Office Drg 157/4/4 dated 9 October 1940 – Cockatoo Shipyards

60 corvettes in all, including four cancelled and derived from the British Bangor class minesweepers (commonly known as corvettes), and ASW Corvettes manned by Australian crews and built in Australian shipyards. They were part of the Commonwealth Government’s wartime shipbuilding programme. 20 more were built on Admiralty order, manned and commissioned by the RAN. Thirty six were built for the RAN and four for the RIN (Royal Indian Navy). They were soon known in the RAN as ‘maids of all work’ but also infamously ‘rolling on wet grass’ by their crews. Mutinies erupted because of poor accomodations, living conditions, heavy and difficult workloads. They achieved 6,700,000 nautical miles (12,400,000 km 7,700,000 mi) during these missions of ASW escort between the Atlantic, Pacific and Mediterranean.

At a cost of A£250,000 per vessel, they were quite versatile, equipped with an asdic, and able to fitted with depth charges or minesweeping gear. They were originally ordered to replace the three 1937 Bar-class boom defence vessels and designed by the Rear Admiral P. E. McNeil McNeil in February 1939. Construction took place between 1940 and 1942. The first were built at Cockatoo shipyards, followed by many others: Broken Hill Pty Co Ltd, Walkers Limited, Evans Deakin & Company, HMA Naval Dockyard, Morts Dock & Engineering Co, Poole & Steeland State Dockyard. Five were lost in operations and two preserved as museum ships as for today. The RAN had them decommissioned in 1960 but they served for most of the cold war in the Indian Navy, RNZN, Dutch Navy, and Indonesia after the independence, Turkey, Pakistan and even the Chinese PLAN.
A standalone post will be done on the topic.

Displacement: 599 tonnes (standard)/944 tonnes (full war load)
Dimensions: 56.69 x 9.45 x 2.59 metres
Powerplant: Triple expansion, 2 shafts, 2,000 hp 15 knots
Armament (variable): 1 × 12-pdr/4 in Mk XIX gun, 1 × 40 mm Bofors, 2–3 × 20 mm Oerlikon, 40 depth charges
Crew: 85

Support ancillary craft

The list is not limitative. Lots of hole and difficulty to pinpoint single ships.
HMAS Abraham Crijnssen: An ex-Dutch Minesweeper, refugee in Sydney when Java fell.
HMAS Adele (ex-HMAS Franklin): A yacht, requisitioned in 1939 and used as patrol ship and later stores carrier.
63 Ft USN standard rescue boat (ASR) – A serie was built

Landing ship infantry

HMAS Westralia in 1944 (AWM)

Three LSIs were operated in 1945 by the RAN. These Landing Ships Infantry were the HMAS Kanimbla, HMAS Manoora, and HMAS Westralia. They had been built as civilian steamers, requisitioned converted first as armed merchant cruisers in 1939. But due to the developments in amphibious operations, order was given to take them in hands for a conversion as LSIs, in 1943. After conversion, they took part in joint allied amphibious assaults in the South West Pacific Area. On average each could carry 1,200 troops. As customary for other USN amphibious ships, landing crafts were hoisted down and the troops embarked in these along rope ladders. Theyr remained in service as transports until 1949 and later converted back to civilian use and returned to their owners. To replace them, the RAN would borrowed six Landing Ships Tank (LSTs) from the Royal Navy. Thsy will stay in service until 1955. In practice they were used as versatile base vessels and not amphibious operations.

Australian auxiliary ships (1943-45)

HMAS Bungaree

Taken as an example of the many auxiliaries of the fleet. The RAN lacked the time and facilities to built military ships for many purposes, so the natural way was to requisition civilian vessels. Many were therefore available in September 1939, soon converted as merchant armed cruisers, with extra guns and military crews. However from September 1940 the government prepared a plan for the defence of the Australian shores including mines. Ford Australia was already contacted in October 1939 to produce mine units and their shells and sinkers at Geelong. To operate them, a 3,000 tonne merchant vessel was to be requisitioned and converted as a minelayer.

The coastal freighter Bungaree was seized and set for conversion from 10 October 1940 in Sydney. HMAS Bungaree as renamed after an indigenous guide, and Aboriginal community leader playing a considerable role during the cartographic exploration of the Australian coastline in 1801-03. The ship’s cargo holds now were set to serve as mine magazines and a minelaying control post was placed with communications on the bridge and a mining deck plus cranes and two sets of rails. These were contact mines launched from the stern of the ship. Commissioned at Garden Island, Sydney, under Norman Calder on 9 June 1941 her first trip started ten days later, and she was posted to Geelong. She first trained with dummy mines in Port Phillip Bay with HMAS Toorie. For her first mission she departed with 254 mined on 30 July with HMAS Sydney, to the city of the same name to be fitted with 12 pdr HA/LA guns and a 28 foot survey motor boat. For the rest of her carrer see the complete article on

The story of HMAS K9, the sole Australian submarine of WW2

K.IX was ordered in the Netherlands, on 27 June 1917, was launched on 23 December 1922 and commissioned into the Royal Netherlands Navy on 21 June 1923. Like most Dutch submersibles she was affected to the Netherlands East Indies from 13 May 1924. In 1941 the IJA launched its offensive and the K IX was by then out of commission but was reactivated in emergency in March 1942. After the fall of the Netherlands East Indies the submersible escaped to Fremantle in Western Australia, by 13 March 1942.

By then, in May 1942 the Dutch government choose to offer K IX to the Royal Australian Navy and repatriate the crew. The Australians used it for ASW training. The submersible was refitted in Sydney from 12 May and in June she was damaged by a torpedo explosion during the Attack on Sydney Harbour.. Officially she became HMAS K9 by after long repairs 22 June 1943.

She saw little service however due to her poor condition, and was in partial commission, further immobilized by a battery explosion on 22 January 1944. There were no spare parts so she was decommissioned on 31 March 1944 and stayed only 31 days at sea, recommissioned later as an oil lighter, washed ashore near Seal Rocks, on New South Wales in June 1945 while under tow and latter scrapped in situ. Her remnants were located in 1999 and the site is now known as Submarine Beach. Previously, the RAN once operated during WW1 the AE1 lost off Bismarck Archipelago and AE2 in torpedoed in the sea of Marmara by a Turkish TB in 1915. Next, six J1 class submarines were transferred in 1919 and served until BU in 1924-26.